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About Ephesus, Ephesus Odeon

This building has the shape of a small theatre with the stage building, seating places and the orchestra.It had double function in use. First it was used as a Bouleuterion for the meetings of the Boulea or the Senate. The second fuction was the Odeum as a concert hall for the performances.It was constructed in the 2nd century A.D by the order of Publius Vedius Antonius and his wife Flavia paiana, two wealthy citizens in Ephesus.

It had a capacity of 1500 spectators. It had 3 doors opening from the stage to the podium. The podium was narrow and one meter higher than the orchestra section. The stage building was two-storeyed and embellished with columns.The podium in front of the stage building and some parts of the seating were restored. The Odeon used to be enclosed with a wooden roof. Two councils administrated Ephesus.

These were Demos or the parliament which was open to the public was taken place in the great theatre and the Bouleia which gathered in this small theatre. The members of the boulea were chosen from the aristocratic class of Ephesians. The most important decisions and city matters were discussed here.

Odeon name is drived from the word "Odeus" which means singing in Greek. The Odeon in Ephesus was built in the 2nd century AD and had a double function. First it was for musical performances as well as being the Bouleterion. Bouleterion meaning the Senate House which was used by the boule (senator), the advisory council of the city. It was a two-storied building covered with a wooden roof with a seating capacity of 1400 people. It consisted  of three main sections; cavea, skene and proskene.

The Boule held all political,  executive, religious and justical power. Its responsibilities were to manifold:  the counstruction of temples, theatres, baths, the collection of taxes and control over the running of public buildings. Ephesus was adminstered by its own senate who were elected each year by the Advisory council. There were many concerts in the Odeion, mainly on feast days. The tiered seats were divided into two sections by a circular  ambulatory known as a "diazoma". Seats in the lower section were for important people and were wider than the upper ones. Among the upper seats there are circle gaps for late comers. These are called "Vomiterium". Vomit is the greek word for mouth. Vomiteriums are shaped like an open mouth. According to some English word Vomit is also originated from these mouth looking arch entries.

1. Harbor Street 8. Hillside houses. 15. Trajan's Fountain. 22. Freshwater pipes.
2. Theater  9. Public toilets  16. Curetes Street. 23. The Fountain of Pollio.
3. Commercial Agora.   10. Latrina  17. Hercules Gate. 24. Prytaneon.
4. Library of Celsus. 11. Scholastica Baths  18. Memmius Monument. 25. Odeon.
5. Gate of Mazeus and Mithridates  12. The Mosaic - Paved sidewalk  19. Temple of Domitian. 26. Isis Temple.
6. Marble Street  13. Entrance Scholastica Baths. 20. An altar. 27. Stage Agora.
7. Brothel  14. Hadrian's Temple. 21. The list of Curetes. 28. Baths of Varius.


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